4-bp insertion/deletion (rs3783553) polymorphism within the 3'UTR of IL1A contributes to the risk of prostate cancer in a sample of Iranian Population.
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Growing evidence demonstrated the presence of an association between IL1A rs3783553 polymorphism and the risk of various cancers. We aimed to evaluate whether the 4-bp insertion/deletion polymorphism (rs3783553) within the 3' untranslated region (3'UTRs) of IL1A was associated to the risk of prostate cancer (PCa) in a sample of Iranian population. A case-control study, including 150 prostate cancer patients and 155 healthy men, was done to examine the possible association between IL1A 4-bp ins/del polymorphism and PCa risk in a sample of southeast Iranian population. Mismatched polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) was designed for genotyping the studied variant. Our findings showed that 4-bp ins/del polymorphism significantly increased the risk of PCa in codominant, recessive and allelic inheritance model. We also evaluated the association between the IL1A 4-bp ins/del polymorphism and clinicopathological characteristics of the patients, and found a significant association between 4-bp ins/del variant and stage, perineural invasion and surgical margin of tumor samples. Bioinformatics analysis revealed that the ins/del variant affected the IL1A mRNA stability leading to a structural shift in IL1A mRNA and has-miR-125a-3p hybrid. In conclusion, our findings proposed an association between IL1A 4-bp ins/del polymorphism and PCa risk. Additional studies with enlarged sample size and diverse ethnicities are required to validate our finding. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.