Primary Culture of Human Cumulus Cells Requires Stearoyl-Coenzyme A Desaturase 1 Activity for Steroidogenesis and Enhancing Oocyte In Vitro Maturation.
Marefat Ghaffari Novin
MetadataShow full item record
Stearoyl-coenzyme A desaturase 1 (SCD1) is a key enzyme in lipid metabolism and is expressed in cumulus cells. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effect of SCD1 inhibition in human cumulus cells on triglyceride content, steroidogenesis, and oocyte in vitro maturation. Human cumulus cells were exposed to SCD1 inhibitor CAY10566 (SCDinhib) alone or in combination with oleic acid in primary culture. The SCDinhib markedly suppressed triglyceride accumulation (-47%, P = .01), aromatase gene expression (-36%, P = .02), and estradiol production (-49%, P = .01) even at a dose not affecting cell viability and apoptosis. Human immature oocytes at the germinal vesicle (GV) stage were cocultured with pretreated cumulus cells. The rate of oocytes reaching the metaphase II stage was significantly lower in coculture with SCDinhib-treated cumulus cells than with control cumulus cells (-18%, P < .01), which recovered by oleic acid supplementation. This finding on in vitro maturation rate was also reproducible with mouse GV oocytes. The results suggest that SCD1 activity is required for cumulus cell lipid storage and steroidogenesis. In addition, oocyte maturation is negatively affected by SCD1 inhibition in cumulus cells, possibly due to a deficient lipid-mediated paracrine support.