Radio-pathological correlation of organizing pneumonia (OP): a pictorial review.
Mohammad Zare Mehrjardi
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Since the description of cryptogenic organizing pneumonia in 1983 by Davison et al and the subsequent report on bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia by Epler et al, some reports have been published regarding the imaging features of organizing pneumonia (OP). In this pictorial review, we aimed to describe and illustrate different manifestations of OP on high-resolution CT (HRCT) accompanied by their histopathological correlations for a better comprehension of pathomechanism of the radiological findings. The main HRCT findings in OP include: consolidation, ground-glass opacification, perilobular opacity, reversed halo opacity, nodule or mass, parenchymal bands, bronchial wall thickening, bronchial dilatation, mediastinal lymphadenopathy and pleural effusion. In addition, we discuss the radiological differential diagnosis for each manifestation, as well as imaging evolution during patient follow-up, and two OP-related entities: the possibility of non-specific interstitial pneumonia development following OP and a relatively new rare entity related to OP called acute fibrinous and organizing pneumonia. For radiologists and physicians, a detailed knowledge of the potential radiological manifestations in OP is crucial for making a correct diagnosis and managing the patient properly. Moreover, some unnecessary lung biopsies will be avoided.