Dual contradictory effect of H-89 on neuronal retraction, death and inflammation in differentiated PC12 cells subjected to oxidative stress.
Shabnam Zeighamy Alamdary
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Interrelation between oxidative stress and neuro-inflammation has been discussed extensively to contribute to neuronal dysfunction in neurodegenerative disorders. In this manner, it seems that there is an intriguing link between protein kinase A (PKA), neuronal apoptosis and inflammation. Rat PC12 pheochromocytoma cell can be induced to differentiate into neuron-like cells possessing elongated neurites by nerve growth factor. In this study, we investigated the effect of H-89, a selective inhibitor of PKA, on the neurite retraction along with evaluation of cell death and inflammatory markers in the differentiated PC12 cells, exposed to H2O2. We found that dose-dependent inhibition of PKA by low and medium concentrations of H-89 (5, 7 and 10 μM) enhanced the parameters of neurite outgrowth and complexity in the cells co-treated with H2O2 as an oxidative stress. Similar concentrations of H-89 significantly inhibited cell death and neurite retraction induced by oxidative stress. Components of TNF-α-NFκB-COX-2 axis, a discussed pathway in neuroinflammation, downregulated dose-dependently by administration of H-89 in H2O2-induced PC12 cells. In this condition, PKA inhibition by the high concentrations of H-89 (15 and 20 μM) led to enhanced cell death and inflammation with decreased neurite outgrowth. These findings indicate that H-89 has a dual contradictory effect on oxidative stress and inflammation that affect neurite outgrowth and complexity in differentiated PC12 cells.