Surgical outcomes and correlation of the Copenhagen Neck Functional Disability Scale and modified Japanese orthopedic association assessment scales in patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy
Hamid Khayat Kashany
Hossein Nayeb Aghaei
Hassan Reza Mohammadi
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© 2016 by Korean Society of Spine Surgery. Study Design: Cross-sectional. Purpose: Clinical outcome study comparing the Copenhagen Neck Functional Disability Scale (CNFDS) and modified Japanese orthopedic association (mJOA) assessment scales in patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM). Overview of Literature: Comparison of instruments that measure patient-reported outcomes is needed. Methods: A cross-sectional analysis was conducted. Ninety five patients with CSM were entered into the study and completed the CNFDS and the mJOA preoperatively and postoperatively. Correlation between the CNFDS and the mJOA was evaluated preoperatively and at the end of follow-up. Responsiveness to change of CNFDS and mJOA was also assessed. Clinical outcomes were also measured with the recovery rate of mJOA score at end of follow-up. Results: The mean age of patients was 58.2 (standard deviation, SD=8.7) years. Mean follow-up was 2.1 years (range, 1 to 4 years). The mJOA correlated strongly with the CNFDS score preoperatively and postoperatively (r =-0.81 and -0.82, respectively; p < 0.001). The CNFDS and the mJOA were able to detect changes after the surgery (p < 0.001). The mean mJOA recovery rate was 51.8% (SD=13.1%). Conclusions: Surgery for the treatment of patients with CSM is an efficacious procedure. CNFDS and mJOA scores have a strong correlation in measuring disability among CSM patients.