Analysis of nursing concept using McKenna approach
Mansoureh Zagheri Tafreshi
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This paper analyzes the representative features of the nursing concept, based on the McKenna (1997) approach in nine steps. In general, nursing can be defined as follows: "Nursing is a profession that offers its services to patient(s) of all ages, ill or healthy during the whole lifespan; focuses on nursing care of patients, health promotion, and interaction between the individual and environment. Nursing is committed to human dignity, comprehensive patient care, professional commitment, respect for patients' rights, participation in patient care, adoption of good manners, and professional behaviour; and is committed to addressing patient needs, protection of safety, care, care follow-up, and improvement of patient'squality of life. This profession offers its services in the areas of patient's living environment, health care centers, society, legal or academic centers by people with good moral qualities, features of leadership/management/planning of change, featu res of problem-solving/decision-making, and professional behaviour, and also have university degree and proper certifications. The roles of nursing include providing cares, making communication, designing and implementing nursing procedure, leadership/management/planning of change in the care ofpatient, evaluation/follow-up care of patient, counseling/education, prevention/rehabilitation, and research.".