Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorAkbar Eslami
dc.contributor.authorAkbar Eslami
dc.contributor.authorMostafa M. Amini
dc.contributor.authorAhmad Reza Yazdanbakhsh
dc.contributor.authorNoushin Rastkari
dc.contributor.authorAnoushiravan Mohseni-Bandpei
dc.contributor.authorSimin Nasseri
dc.contributor.authorEhsan Piroti
dc.contributor.authorAnvar Asadi
dc.date.accessioned2017-09-18T10:50:44Z
dc.date.available2017-09-18T10:50:44Z
dc.date.issued2015-12-01
dc.identifier.issn15732959
dc.identifier.urihttp://dsp.sbmu.ac.ir/xmlui/handle/123456789/67406
dc.description.abstract© 2015, Springer International Publishing Switzerland. Pharmaceuticals are becoming widely distributed in waters and wastewaters and pose a serious threat to public health. The present study aimed to analyze non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in surface waters, drinking water, and wastewater in Tehran, Iran. Thirty-six samples were collected from surface waters, tap water, and influent and effluent of municipal and hospital wastewater treatment plants (WWTP). A solid-phase extraction (SPE) followed by liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry method was used for the determination of pharmaceuticals, namely ibuprofen (IBP), naproxen (NPX), diclofenac (DIC), and indomethacin (IDM). IBP was found in most of the samples and had the highest concentration. The highest concentrations of NSAIDs were found in the municipal WWTP influents and hospital WWTP effluents. In the municipal WWTP influent samples, the concentrations of IBP, NPX, DIC, and IDM were 1.05, 0.43, 0.23, and 0.11 μg/L, respectively. DIC was found only in one river sample. All NSAIDs were detected in tap water samples. However, their concentration was very low and the maximum values for IBP, NPX, DIC, and IDM were 47, 39, 24, and 37 ng/L, respectively, in tap water samples. Results showed that the measured pharmaceuticals were detected in all rivers with low concentrations in nanograms per liter range, except DIC which was found only in one river. Furthermore, this study showed that the aforementioned pharmaceuticals are not completely removed during their passage through WWTPs. A potential environmental risk of selected NSAIDs for the urban wastewater has been discussed. However, given their low measured concentrations, no ecotoxicological effect is suspected to occur.
dc.sourceEnvironmental Monitoring and Assessment
dc.subjectIran
dc.subjectLiquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry
dc.subjectMonitoring
dc.subjectNon-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
dc.subjectRisk assessment
dc.subjectSurface waters
dc.subjectTehran
dc.subjectWastewater
dc.titleOccurrence of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in Tehran source water, municipal and hospital wastewaters, and their ecotoxicological risk assessment
dc.journal.volume187
dc.journal.issue12
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s10661-015-4952-1
dc.journal.pages1-15
dc.contributor.authorid36023594300
dc.contributor.authorid36023594300
dc.contributor.authorid55774019200
dc.contributor.authorid26434024300
dc.contributor.authorid55908900600
dc.contributor.authorid57190725523
dc.contributor.authorid6701553153
dc.contributor.authorid56951218100
dc.contributor.authorid56668487600
dc.contributor.citation36023594300|60018934|Akbar Eslami
dc.contributor.citation36023594300|60018934|Akbar Eslami
dc.contributor.citation55774019200|60032873|Mostafa M. Amini
dc.contributor.citation26434024300|60018934|Ahmad Reza Yazdanbakhsh
dc.contributor.citation55908900600|60027708|Noushin Rastkari
dc.contributor.citation57190725523|60018934|Anoushiravan Mohseni-Bandpei
dc.contributor.citation6701553153|60027708|Simin Nasseri
dc.contributor.citation56951218100|60018934|Ehsan Piroti
dc.contributor.citation56668487600|60018934|Anvar Asadi
dc.contributor.affiliationid60018934
dc.contributor.affiliationid60018934
dc.contributor.affiliationid60032873
dc.contributor.affiliationid60018934
dc.contributor.affiliationid60027708
dc.contributor.affiliationid60018934
dc.contributor.affiliationid60027708
dc.contributor.affiliationid60018934
dc.contributor.affiliationid60018934


Files in this item

FilesSizeFormatView

There are no files associated with this item.

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record