Association of serum TNF-α, IL-8 and free light chain with HLA-DR B alleles expression in pulmonary and extra-pulmonary sarcoidosis
Hale Abdoli Sereshki
Frank A. Redegeld
Ian M. Adcock
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© 2015 Mortaz et al.; licensee BioMed Central. Background: Sarcoidosis is a systemic disease of unknown etiology characterized histologically by the observation of non-caseating granulomas and several immunological abnormalities. Sarcoidosis is a multi-organ disorder which involves formation of granulomas in many tissues including the lungs (pulmonary) and others such as skin, bone, heart (extra pulmonary). Associations between human leukocyte antigens (HLA), the encoded cell surface receptor (HLA-DR) and sarcoidosis have been reported in several studies. Several HLA-DR alleles have been described as potential risk factors for sarcoidosis in distinct ethnic groups however evidence for a relationship between HLA-DR alleles and pulmonary and extra-pulmonary sarcoidosis (EPS) is still scarce. Although the etiology of the disease remains unclear, infectious and environmental factors have been postulated. Inflammatory cytokines and chemokines may play important roles in the pathogenesis of sarcoidosis and serum free light chain (FLC) numbers have been implicated in several immunologic disorders. Purpose of the study: The aim of the present study was to investigate HLA associations with serum cytokines and FLC in Iranian patients with pulmonary (n = 86) and EPS (n = 46). Results: We found that among the 16 HLA DRB alleles only∗7 and∗12 were different in sarcoidosis patients. The levels of TNF-α and IL-8 in pulmonary sarcoidosis patients were higher than in EPS (P < 0.05) whereas the levels of FLC subunits in EPS were higher than in pulmonary sarcoidosis. Conclusion: This data may suggests a link between HLA-DRB∗12 and sarcoidosis in Iranian population.