The perceived information in obtained from the informed consent in Iranian patients with cancer in clinical studies
Zohreh Parsa Yekta
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OBJECTIVE: One of the basic issues in clinical studies is to receive the informed consent; that is to say, all the activities applied in patient's involvement in the information, decision-making, ability and volunteering in diagnosis, cure and care. In as much as most cancer patients require information about their individual needs, the present study is conducted to determine the perceived information from the informed consent of clinical studies in cancer patients. METHODS: This is a descriptive study. Fifty cancer patients hospitalized for participating in the clinical study was chosen according to the convenience sampling. Tools used in this research included the questionnaire (individual and social features) and the check list about patient's right and cancer patient's information before and after receiving informed consent in clinical studies (10 items on a Likert rating scale). To validate the study, content and formal validation was used. Data in this research were analyzed using descriptive statistics (frequency, mean and standard deviation) and the software of SPSS 16. RESULT: In general, the mean of the scores obtained from cancer patients' perceived information before completing the informed consent of the clinical studies was 14 ± 3.5 and after consent of the clinical studies was 16 ± 2.4. The cancer patients' perceived information before and after consent of the clinical studies was weak. CONCLUSIONS: Based on the findings of the present study, the rate of the information the cancer patients received, before completing the informed consent form, was low, but after completing the informed consent form this rate was again low. Therefore, conducting similar and wider studies is recommended to unveil the factors affecting perceiving information and how to promote the quality of the informed consent in other hospitals in Iran.