Screening and management of hypothyroidism in pregnancy: Results of an Asian survey
Teofilo San Luis
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Maternal hypothyroidism in pregnancy is associated with several adverse outcomes. The American Thyroid Association and the Endocrine Society Guidelines for the management of thyroid diseases in pregnancy were published in 2011 and 2012, respectively; however, impact of the guidelines in routine clinical practice is unknown. We therefore carried out a survey to study current practices in the screening and management of hypothyroidism in pregnancy. We collected completed questionnaire survey based on clinical case scenarios from 321 members of the Asia-Oceania Thyrpid Association (AOTA). Responses from 310 clinician members (from 21 Asian countries) were analyzed. For a woman with hypothyroidism planning pregnancy, 54% favored testing thyroid function before adjusting the dose, whilst 32% recommended increasing the dose of l-thyroxine (l-T 4 ) as soon as pregnancy is confirmed. For a pregnant woman with newly diagnosed overt hypothyroidism, most responders initiated a full dose of l-T 4 . One half of responders used serum TSH and free T 4 to monitor the dose of l-T 4 . Although the target of thyroid function tests that responders aimed to achieve with l-T 4 was inconsistent, but a majority aim to keep TSH within recommended trimester specific range. Twenty-one % responders or their institutions screened all pregnant women for thyroid dysfunction, 66% performed targeted screening of only the highrisk group, whilst 13% did not carry out systemic screening. Majority of responders practices within recommendations of major professional societies; however, there is wide variation in the clinical practice in the treatment and screening of hypothyroidism during pregnancy in Asia. © The Japan Endocrine Society.