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dc.contributor.authorF. Hosseini-Esfahani
dc.contributor.authorE. Fallah-Nowroozi-Nejad
dc.contributor.authorN. Moslehi
dc.contributor.authorP. Mirmiran
dc.contributor.authorP. Mirmiran
dc.contributor.authorF. Azizi
dc.date.accessioned2017-09-18T10:29:09Z
dc.date.available2017-09-18T10:29:09Z
dc.date.issued2015-01-01
dc.identifier.issn16835476
dc.identifier.urihttp://dsp.sbmu.ac.ir/xmlui/handle/123456789/64638
dc.description.abstract© 2015 Iranian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism. All rights received. Introduction: Dietary energy-dense foods predispose to obesity and may be associated with risk of type 2 diabetes; therefore, the aim of our study was to investigate the association between dietary energy density (DED) and the risk of type 2 diabetes. Materials and Methods: In this matched nested case-control study, 178 new onset cases of diabetes were selected from among participants of the Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study, and followed for over 9 years. Each case was randomly matched with 3 controls from among participants who had not developed diabetes. Dietary intakes were determined using a valid and reliable food frequency questionnaire. DED was calculated as energy intakes (kcal) from foods and beverages divided by the weight (grams) of foods. Results: The mean ages of participants were 43±6.5 and 44.5±12 years, in women and men respectively. Individuals with higher DED had higher calories, total fat, carbohydrate and processed meat intakes and lower fruit and vegetable intakes in men and women (P < 0.05). Energy density was positively associated with incident diabetes in women, after adjustment for diabetes risk factors and total calorie intake (OR: 2.28, P trend=0.02) or total fat intake (OR: 2.15, P trend=0.03), an association which was not significant in men. Conclusion: In this nested casecontrol study, there was positive association between DED and risk of type 2 diabetes in women.
dc.sourceIranian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
dc.subjectDiabetes
dc.subjectEnergy density
dc.subjectTehran Lipid and Glucose Study
dc.subjectType 2 diabetes
dc.titleThe association between dietary energy density and the risk of type 2 diabetes: Tehran lipid and glucose study
dc.journal.volume16
dc.journal.issue5
dc.journal.pages
dc.contributor.authorid35076989000
dc.contributor.authorid56493233200
dc.contributor.authorid36996620900
dc.contributor.authorid6602877078
dc.contributor.authorid6602877078
dc.contributor.authorid35519137100
dc.contributor.citation35076989000|60022761|F. Hosseini-Esfahani
dc.contributor.citation56493233200|60022761|E. Fallah-Nowroozi-Nejad
dc.contributor.citation36996620900|60022761|N. Moslehi
dc.contributor.citation6602877078|60022761|P. Mirmiran
dc.contributor.citation6602877078|60022761|P. Mirmiran
dc.contributor.citation35519137100|60022761|F. Azizi
dc.contributor.affiliationid60022761
dc.contributor.affiliationid60022761
dc.contributor.affiliationid60022761
dc.contributor.affiliationid60022761
dc.contributor.affiliationid60022761
dc.contributor.affiliationid60022761


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