Serum nitric oxide metabolites are associated with the risk of hypertriglyceridemic-waist phenotype in women: Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study
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© 2015 Elsevier Inc. Background and aim There are some controversial issues regarding the association of nitric oxide and obesity-related states. This study was conducted to investigate whether serum nitric oxide metabolites (NOx) could predict the occurrence of visceral lipid accumulation, defined as hypertriglyceridemic-waist (HTW) phenotype. Methods We used a prospective approach for this study conducted on participants of the Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study, 2243 adult men and women were followed for a median of 6.3 years. Serum NOx concentrations were measured at baseline (2006-2008), and demographics, anthropometrics and biochemical variables were evaluated at baseline and again after a 3-year (2009-2011) and a 6-year follow-up (2012-2014). The occurrence of HTW phenotype, defined as waist circumference ≥90 cm in men and ≥85 cm in women, along with serum triglyceride levels ≥177 mg/dL, were assessed across serum NOx tertiles. Results Mean age of participants was 41.5 ± 14.5 years at baseline and 39.4% were male. The cumulative incidence of HTW phenotype was 37.6% (33.2% in men, 40.5% in women). There was no significant association between serum NOx and the occurrence of HTW phenotype in men. After adjustment of confounding variables, risk of HTW phenotype in women, in the highest compared to the lowest tertile of serum NOx (≥30.9 vs. < 19.9 μmol/L), increased by 39% (OR = 1.39, 95% CI = 1.05-1.93, P for trend = 0.053). Conclusion Serum NOx level was an independent predictor of HTW phenotype in women.