Cellular Response of Limbal Stem Cells on Poly (Hydroxybuthyrate-co-Hydroxyvalerate) Porous Scaffolds for Ocular Surface Bioengineering
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Copyright © 2015 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. The aim of this study was to develop a modified-porous poly (3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3- hydroxyvalerate) (PHBV) scaffold for limbal stem cell (LSC) expansion that can serve as a potential alternative substrate to replace human amniotic membrane. The human limbal stem cell was used to evaluate the biocompatibility of substrates (porous scaffold, human amniotic membrane and thermoresponsive substrate) based on their viability, proliferation, and attachment ability. Biocompatibility results indicated that the all substrates were highly biocompatible, as LSCs could favorably attach and proliferate on the scaffold surface. Microscopic figures showed that the human limbal stem cell was firmly anchored to the substrates and were able to retain a normal corneal stem cell phenotype. Microscopic analyses illustrated that cells infiltrated the porous scaffold and successfully formed a three-dimensional corneal epithelium, which was viable for two weeks. Gene expression results revealed no change in the expression profile of LECs grown on scaffold when compared to those grown on human amniotic membrane or thermo responsive substrate. In addition, porous PHBV substrate provides not only a milieu supporting LSCs expansion, but also serve as a useful alternative carrier for ocular surface tissue engineering and could be used as an alternative substrate to amniotic membrane. (Figure Presented).