Association of plasma nitric oxide concentration and endothelial nitric oxide synthase T-786C gene polymorphism in coronary artery disease
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Nitric oxide (NO) is synthesized from l-arginine by endothelium nitric oxide synthase (NOS3) and plays important roles in many physiologic and pathologic processes. NO involved in the pathogenesis of coronary atherosclerosis. In the present study we hypothesized that polymorphisms of NOS gene might be associated with increased risk of coronary artery disease (CAD) and plasma NO concentrations. The eNOS gene polymorphism was investigated in 241 unrelated CAD patients with positive coronary angiograms and 261 ages matched control subjects without a history of symptomatic CAD. The NOS3 gene polymorphisms were analyzed by RFLP. Plasma NO, lipid profile and other risk factors were also assessed. The genotype frequencies for T-786C polymorphism differed significantly between CAD patients and controls (p=0.041). The mean plasma NO x concentrations showed significant differences according to genotypes of T-786C polymorphism in total population only. The mean plasma NO x increased in those individuals that are homozygote for C allele in promoter compared with those individuals are heterozygote for this allele and homozygote for T allele in total population and Controls, but no in CAD patients. The present study provides evidences that T-786C polymorphism of the NOS3 gene is associated with CAD. T-786C polymorphism was not associated with increased plasma NO in CAD patients. © 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.