Evaluation of blood ethanol and opium level in non survived drivers due to traffic accidents
Amir Masoud Hashemian
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Objective:Nowadays motor vehicle accidents are one of the commonest accidents with high mortality and morbidity rates, which due to induced disability and the need of various diagnostic and therapeutic methods inflict great economic loss on the society. Alcohol and illicit drug abuse and their side effects are of the most important underlying reasons for such accidents especially in the western countries. Due to safety precautions (seat belt and helmet) misuse, law disobedience, speeding, and slow driver's reaction in alcohol related accidents the consequences are graver and the mortality rates higher. Methods:In this trial 105 cases, died in motor vehicle accidents, were tested for vitreous alcohol levels and gall bladder illicit drugs. Results:8.6% of which had alcohol positive test results and 42.9%had positive gall bladder illicit drug test results. In these trials a strong relationship between sex and education of the deceased and alcohol and opium usage was not found. But there was such a relationship between age of the deceased and alcohol and opium abuse. Also we found the same relationship between alcohol and opium abuse and the days of the week. Conclusion:According to rampancy of alcohol and illicit drug abuse in deadly accidents, periodic opium tests and random alcohol tests in roads sounds effective in reducing the accidents and mortality rates.