Transient inactivation of the nucleus accumbens reduces both the expression and acquisition of morphine-induced conditioned place preference in rats
Mohammad Hossein Esmaeili
Seyed Hassan Salimi
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In the present study, the effects of transient inhibition of the shell and core parts of the nucleus accumbens by lidocaine on the expression and acquisition of morphine-induced conditioned place preference in male Wistar rats were investigated. In addition, the number of bouts of sniffing, rearing, and compartment crossing was scored. Lidocaine hydrochloride was injected into different parts of the nucleus accumbens 5 min before each morphine session for the transient inhibition of particular anatomical regions. Subcutaneous (s.c.) injection of morphine (2.5 and 5 mg/kg) induced place preference. Transient inhibition of the left and/or right side of the shell part of nucleus accumbens reduced morphine place conditioning. However, when both sides of the nucleus were inhibited, inhibition was weaker when compared to the results when only one side was inhibited. Also, the number of compartment crossings in these animals reduced significantly. Nevertheless, the number of rearing occurrences was reduced only when both sides of the shell part of the nucleus accumbens were inhibited. In contrast, the number of sniffing bouts increased in all three groups. The results for the core part of the nucleus accumbens also indicated that place preference was inhibited after transient inhibition of the left, right, and both sides. However, although the number of total compartment crossings was reduced in all experimental groups, the reduction was not statistically significant. The data obtained was similar to the number of rearings, yet the number of sniffing bouts increased in the experimental groups compared to the control. In conclusion, these results confirmed the involvement of the left and right sides and core and shell parts of the nucleus accumbens in morphine place conditioning. © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.