Assessment of defense styles and mechanisms in iranian patients suffering from obsessive compulsive or panic disorders versus normal controls using persian version of defense style questionnaire-40
Ali Reza Zahiroddin
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Objective: The aim of this study was to compare defense styles andmechanisms in adult patients suffering from obsessive-compulsivedisorder (OCD), and panic disorder (PD) with normal subjects in Iran. Methods: Defensive patterns of 22 patients with OCD, 28 patients withPD and those of 116 normal individuals (as a control group) wereassessed using the Farsi version of Defense Style Questionnaire-40(DSQ-40). The content validity of this questionnaire was done prior to theinitiation of the present study.Results: Both groups of patients with OCD or PD used more immatureand less mature styles compared to the control group. No significantdifference was observed in the use of neurotic style between the twogroups. Conclusion: It is suggested that immature defenses may have an important role in the pathogenesis of OCD and PD.