Gastric acid secretion induced by paraventricular nucleus microinjection of orexin A is mediated through activation of neuropeptide Yergic system
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Very recently, we have reported that the modulatory effect of PVN on gastric acid secretion may be mediated through the orexin fibers and/or orexin-responsive neurons. In this study, we address the hypothesis which demonstrates the existence of a putative orexin A - neuropeptide Y Y1/Y5 receptors interaction to increase gastric acid secretion in pyloric-ligated conscious rats. Male Wistar rats were implanted with guide canula directed to the PVN and lateral ventricle. Intracerebroventricular (ICV) microinjections of GR-231118 (Y1 receptor antagonist) and CGP-71683 (Y5 receptor antagonist) on gastric acid secretion were considered. The effect of pretreatment with Y1 receptor antagonist, GR-231118, and Y5 receptor antagonist, CGP-71683, on PVN orexin A-induced acid secretion was assessed. Gastric acid secretion was measured using the pylorus-ligation method, and the amount of gastric acid was determined by titration with 0.01. N NaOH to a pH of 7.0. Key results: ICV microinjections of GR-231118 and CGP-71683 decreased acid secretion by 25 ± 0.05% and 67 ± 0.02%, respectively. ICV microinjections of GR-231118 and CGP-71683 inhibited effects of PVN-injected orexin-A on acid secretion. We suggest that Y1 and Y5 receptors stimulate gastric acid secretion and the stimulatory effect of PVN orexin receptors on gastric acid secretion may be mediated via interactions, at least in part, through activation of Y1 and Y5 receptors. These neural pathways may play key roles in the orexinergic action of orexins in the cephalic phase of gastric acid secretion. © 2012 IBRO.