Deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty in patients with keratoconus: Big-bubble technique
Mohammad Ali Javadi
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Purpose: To evaluate the visual and refractive outcomes after deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK) using the big-bubble technique in eyes with keratoconus. Methods: In this case series, eyes with moderate to advanced keratoconus underwent DALK. All of them had unacceptable spectacle-corrected visual acuity or were contact lens intolerant. DALK was performed using the big-bubble technique. Full thickness donor cornea without Descemet's membrane (DM) was sutured to the recipient bed with three different suturing techniques. The visual acuity (presented in logMAR), refractive status, intraoperative and postoperative complications were evaluated. Results: A total of 129 consecutive eyes of 121 patients were included. In 3 eyes, the operation was converted to penetrating keratoplasty. Therefore, 126 eyes (79 male) were enrolled in the study. Mean patient age at the time of surgery was 26.08 ± 7.6 years. Mean follow-up period was 21.62 ± 9.0 months. Mean preoperative corrected visual acuity was 1.27 ± 0.4 logMAR, increasing to 0.25 ± 0.2 logMAR at final follow-up examination (P < 0.001). Postoperative mean spherical equivalent refractive error, refractive and keratometric astigmatism were -3.41 ± 3.1 D, 3.04 ± 2.3 D, and 3.67 ± 2.1 D, respectively. Bared DM was achieved in 103 eyes, whereas in 23 eyes pre-Descemet dissection was performed. DM perforation occurred in 5 eyes. The main complications encountered were filamentary keratitis, subepithelial graft rejection, and astigmatism. Conclusions: DALK using the big-bubble technique appears to be a safe and effective procedure for eyes with moderate to advanced keratoconus. In case of extensive intraoperative DM perforation, it does not pose any limitation to ongoing penetrating keratoplasty. © 2010 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.