Effect of D-1 or D-2 receptor stimulation on memory retrieval in mice
M. R. Zarrindast
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Mice were trained in one-way active avoidance procedure and retention was tested at 4, 8, 16 and 24 h after training of animals and compared with non-shocked or untrained animals. The effect of drugs was tested on retrieval 24 h after training in other groups of mice. High doses of apomorphine or bromocriptine impaired, while low doses of the drugs improved, retrieval of avoidance. High doses of sulpiride reversed the impairment induced by high doses of these dopamine agonists. Low doses of sulpiride antagonized the improvement of retrieval induced by low doses of apomorphine. SKF 38393 treatment of animals also improved the retrieval. The retrieval impairment induced by higher doses of apomorphine or the improvement induced by different doses of SKF 38393 was antagonized by SCH 23390 pre-treatment. Single administration of SCH 23390 or low doses of sulpiride also impaired retrieval. It is concluded that stimulating post-synaptic D-2 dopamine receptors impairs retrieval whilst activation of pre-synaptic D-2 or post-synaptic D-1 receptors improves memory retrieval. © 1992, Sage Publications. All rights reserved.