Anticonvulsant action of 2-chloroadenosine injected focally into the perirhinal cortex in amygdaloid kindled rats
Mohammad H. Pourgholami
Mohammad R. Palizvan
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Possible anticonvulsant effects of 2-chloroadenosine injected focally into the perirhinal cortex of amygdala kindled rats were investigated over a 2 h period. Animals were microinfused (1 μl) with 2-chloroadenosine (2-CLA; 5, 10, 15, 25 and 100 nM) or artificial cerebrospinal fluid applied through a cannula located in the perirhinal cortex. At the doses employed, 2-CLA significantly reduced afterdischarge duration and stage 5 seizure duration. The latency to stage 4 seizure was increased only at the highest dose of 2-CLA (100 nM), while even at this dose no significant change in seizure stage could be seen. The maximum effect of 2-CLA was obtained 30 min after microinfusion of the drug. Pre-treatment (intraperirhinal cortex) of animals with the nonselective adenosine antagonist, caffeine (50 μM; 1 μl), blocked the anticonvulsant activity of 2-CLA. These results suggest that adenosine receptors located in the perirhinal cortex may play an important role in the suppression of seizure activity elicited from the amygdala. Copyright (C) 1999 Elsevier Science B.V.