Calcium and Phosphorus Metabolism Disturbances After Renal Transplantation
M. A. Asl
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Introduction: Several studies have noted that, despite beneficial correction of abnormalities of mineral metabolism after successful renal transplantation, renal functional recovery is incomplete. Also, persistence of hyperparathyroidism and metabolic acidosis among patients with chronic impairment of graft function together with the use of loop diuretics and immunosuppressive drugs with adverse effects may alter mineral metabolism. We determined calcium and phosphorus levels in recipients. Methods: This cross-sectional study enrolled 398 recipients in 2 medical centers in Iran from 1988 to 2004 to evaluate serum calcium and phosphorus levels after 1 month in relation to graft and patient survivals. Cyclosporine was the constant part of the immunosuppressive treatment in all study subjects. Results: The median follow-up time was 8 months (range, 1-180 months). One and 10-year survival rates of patients were 97.9% and 91.1%. Mean (SD) serum calcium levels before and after transplantation were 8.79 (1.26) and 8.50 (1.39) mg/dL, respectively (P = .020). The mean (SD) phosphate levels before and after transplantation were 6.43 (2.42) and 3.64 (1.71) mg/dL, respectively (P = .000). There was no significant difference in survival considering changes in serum calcium and phosphorus levels. There was no correlation between serum calcium and phosphorus level changes among study patients. Conclusions: Despite reports suggesting hypercalcemia as a posttransplantation finding, we did not observe this condition, but, consistent with other reports in this field, we observed a significant decrease in serum phosphorus levels showing correction of this mineral level. © 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.