Effects of different doses of oral cholecalciferol on serum 25(OH)D, PTH, calcium and bone markers during fall and winter in schoolchildren
A. A. Ghazi
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Background/Objectives: Controversies surround the actual requirements of vitamin D in adolescents. We aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of different doses of vitamin D in high schoolchildren of Taleghan (latitude 36.5°N) near Tehran.Subjects/Methods: In a randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, 210 subjects, aged 14-20 years, 105 boys and 105 girls were assigned to three groups; group A (n70) received 50 000 U oral cholecalciferol monthly (equal to 1600 U per day), group B (n70), 50 000 U bimonthly (equal to 800 U/day) and group C (n70), placebo. The study began in November 2007 and continued until April 2008. Serum 25(OH)D, parathyroid hormone (PTH), calcium (Ca) and bone markers were measured. Results: At baseline, girls had significantly lower concentrations of 25(OH)D than boys (19.25±16 vs 40.5±14 nmol/l). Mean 25(OH)D increased from 3222 to 60±27.5 and 28.2±514.5 to 45.7±524 in groups A and B, respectively (P < 0.001); however, it did not change over time in group C (2918 vs 2917.5). Increment of mean 25(OH)D was higher in group A than in group B (P < 0.01). In all groups, girls had lower concentrations of 25(OH)D than boys (P < 0.001). Serum Ca increased and PTH decreased in groups A and B (P < 0.001). In group A, osteocalcin (OC) and bone-specific alkaline phosphatase increased (P < 0.001), but in group B only OC increased (P < 0.001). Urine C telopeptide and Ca did not change in all three groups; no case of hypercalcemia was observed.Conclusions:Although monthly administration of 50 000 U vitamin D 3 increased serum 25(OH)D significantly, it was apparently not enough to correct vitamin D deficiency especially in girls. © 2010 Macmillan Publishers Limited All rights reserved.