Cut-off points of homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance, beta-cell function, and fasting serum insulin to identify future type 2 diabetes: Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study
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© 2015, Springer-Verlag Italia. Aims: To determine cut-off points of homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), β-cell function (HOMA-B), insulin sensitivity (HOMA-S), and fasting insulin for identifying the subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in Iranian adults using data from a prospective population-based study. Methods: From participants of Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study, 4942 Iranian subjects, aged 20–86 years, were followed for incident T2DM. Fasting serum insulin was determined by the electrochemiluminescence immunoasaay. The associations between HOMA-IR, HOMA-B, HOMA-S, and fasting insulin and incident T2DM were evaluated using Cox proportional hazards models. The receiver operator characteristic curve analysis was used to determine the cut-off points of HOMA-IR, HOMA-B, HOMA-S, and fasting insulin. Results: After 9.2 year follow-up, 346 (7.0 %) incident cases of T2DM were identified; the risk-factor-adjusted hazard ratios for HOMA1-IR, HOMA2-IR, HOMA1-B, HOMA2-B, HOMA1-S, HOMA2-S, and insulin were 1.15, 1.70, 0.732, 0.997, 0.974, 0.986, and 1.01 in women and 1.37, 1.67, 0.588, 0.993, 0.986, 0.991, and 1.06 in men, respectively (all p < 0.05 except for HOMA2-B in women). Optimal cut-off points for HOMA1-IR, HOMA2-IR, HOMA1-B, HOMA2-B, HOMA1-S, HOMA2-S, and insulin were 1.85, 1.41, 86.2, 72.5, 54.1, 63.7, and 11.13 µU/ml in women and 2.17, 1.18, 67.1, 74.6, 46. 1, 74.1, and 9.16 µU/ml in men, respectively. Conclusions: HOMA-IR, HOMA-B (except for HOMA2-B in women), HOMA-S, and fasting insulin were independent predictors of T2DM. Optimal cut-off points of HOMA-IR, HOMA-B, HOMA-S, and fasting serum insulin were determined from a population-based study for identifying incident T2DM.